M.A.D.E. in Ashland returns April 6 with jazz in the spotlight

News Release — Neos Dance Theatre — March 12, 2019

JAZZ PEOPLE Ashland Neos whit

Experience best of dance in NE Ohio at ‘Lose Your Marbles’ on March 1

News Release — Neos Dance Theatre — February 2019

Nutcracker Mansfield Press Release

News Release — Neos Dance Theatre — 11.14.18


Contact for media: Bobby Wesner, Neos co-founder and artistic director: or 330-595-4650

Hi-res photos are available for download at neos website or can be emailed directly to you. 


Blending Mansfield’s history with a beloved holiday tradition, Neos Dance Theatre is again bringing A 1940’s Nutcracker to the Renaissance Theatre for performances Dec. 8 at 8 p.m. and Dec. 9 at 2 p.m.

“The Nutcracker” is one of the most widely celebrated ballets in the world, and we’re proud to give Mansfield a uniquely crafted version of its own,” says Neos co-founder Bobby Wesner.

Hand-drawn and meticulously animated visual effects, created by Andy Gardner and Kathy Hilton, set the stage for A 1940’s
Nutcracker. The story line incorporates local characters such as Bogie and Bacall — danced by Bobby Wesner and his wife, Brooke — and their famous marriage at Malabar Farms.

A 1940’s Nutcracker also features Neos dancers Matthew Roberts and Kassandra Lee as Johnny and Marie, Anna Trumbo as Mae

West and partnered by Kaleb Reilly, Juliana Freude as a member of the Woman’s Club, Katherine Tackett as an O’Neil’s department

store employee, plus many more.

Joining the Neos dancers are students from the Findlay Academy of Ballet, under the direction of Judy Shoaff-Reading. “I rarely see students dance with such full and vibrant technique and passion”, says Wesner, “usually it’s one or the other. The Findlay Academy of Dance is such a gem!”

Tickets begin at $15 and can be purchased from the Renaissance Theatre
at or 419-522-2726. A limited number of VIP tickets for $50 are available for the Saturday evening performance, and include preferred seating and a pre-performance reception with drinks and appetizers. Veterans with valid IDs are eligible for two free tickets for either performance when reserved in advance at
the Renaissance box office.

Additional support for A 1940’s Nutcracker is from the Woman’s Foundation at the Richland County Foundation, which enables Neos to provide tickets to underserved women and children throughout Richland County so that they can attend a performance to which they may not otherwise have access. Neos is also partnering with the Socks for Seniors program led by the Area Agency on Aging. Audience members are encouraged to bring new socks to support seniors throughout the region this holiday season.

Neos Dance Theatre’s 2018-19 Mansfield season is sponsored by Mind Body Align and Richland Source, with additional support from Cleveland Financial and generous individuals.


Click on photo for download of high resolution

Neos_2910_Kassie Lee.jpg

Nutcracker Lorain

Press Release


News Release — Neos Dance Theatre — 11.14.18


Contact for media: Bobby Wesner, Neos co-founder and artistic 


director: or 330-595-4650


Hi-res photos are available for download at Neos website: 

Blending Lorain Counties history with a beloved holiday tradition, Neos Dance Theatre is again bringing A 1940’s Nutcracker to the Stocker Arts Center for performances Dec. 14th at 11 a.m., December 15th at 7:30 p.m., and Dec. 16th at 2 p.m.


“The Nutcracker” is one of the most widely celebrated ballets in the world, and we’re proud to give Northern Ohio and Lorain County a uniquely crafted version of its own,” says Neos co-founder Bobby Wesner.


Hand-drawn and meticulously animated visual effects, created by Andy Gardner and Kathy Hilton, set the stage for A 1940’s Nutcracker. The story line incorporates Ohio characters such as Bogie and Bacall — danced by Bobby Wesner and his wife, Brooke — and their famous marriage at Malabar Farms.


A 1940’s Nutcracker also features Neos dancers Matthew Roberts and Kassandra Lee as Johnny and Marie, Anna Trumbo as Mae West and partnered by Kaleb Reilly, Juliana Freude as a member of the Woman’s Club, Katherine Tackett as a Kline’s department store employee, plus many more set to a backdrop of Lorain County sites such as the Palace Theatre and Lighthouse, National Tube Company, the Chronicle-Telegram, and more. 


Joining the Neos dancers are students from Neos Center for Dance, the official school of Neos Dance Theatre, under the direction of DeMarcus Suggs Akeem. Students from surrounding communities are also involved bringing the cast size to over 55 dancers. 


Tickets begin at $15 and can be purchased from the website , by calling 440-366-4040, or on location at 1005 N. Abbe Road, Elyria, OH 44054. 

Neos Dance Theatre’s 2018-19 season is funded in part by the Nord Family Foundation as well as sponsorships by Mind Body Align, Richland Source, and generous individuals.



More photos available for press upon request:


Click on photo for download of high resolution

News Release — Neos Dance Theatre — July 19, 2018

Contact for media material - Kathy Hilton,

Contact for interviews - Gwendolyn LeBar,

Hi-res photos are available for download at     

link for photo:


Neos Brings New Life To Ballet @ the Brickyard With Art in the Alley!


Mansfield, OH - Neos Dance Theatre returns to Mansfield for the fifth consecutive summer of Ballet @ the Brickyard on Saturday, August 4th, sponsored by Cleveland Financial. The event brings together the best of Mansfield for an evening of creativity; featuring creative dance and, music on the Mechanics Bank Stage, in addition to visual art by local artists, food, and drink.


This summer, Neos Dance Theatre introduces its newest program addition: Art in the Alley! Local artists’ work will be on display in the Brickyard alley. This portion of the evening is open and free to the public. Early attendees will have the opportunity to listen to the music of acoustic guitarist, Keagan James Nicolaides while enjoying artwork by Allison Pence, Emily Volz, Betty Perry, and many more. Art in the Alley! will also involve artists creating work live throughout the day. Selected works will be available for purchase. For a full list of featured artists please visit:


As part of Neos Dance Theatre’s mission to remove barriers that would hinder audience engagement the entire evening is free of charge. Attendees have the option of purchasing VIP tickets which grant patrons access to the exclusive festivities in a tented area, complete with comfortable seating, delicious food, an open bar, and an intimate live performance from singer/songwriter, Brady Jacquin, and more. The VIP area will open at 6PM, and seating for the performance will be provided. Cost is $65


At 8PM the pre-show concert will begin on the Mechanics Bank stage featuring dance performances by the Richland Academy Dance Ensemble and the Richland Newhope Dance Troupe. Neos Dance Theatre will perform at 8:30PM performing new work by Ohio-native Bobby Wesner and guest choreographer Joseph Morrissey. The premiering contemporary ballet pieces push the boundaries of the genre by collaborating with local musicians to incorporate a variety of styles from standard jazz to popular music. “Presenting three totally new works in one program is almost unheard of and a very exciting challenge,” said Wesner. “I wouldn’t have been able to take such a risk if it weren’t for the incredible talents of the Neos dancers and our collaborators!”


The entire Ballet @ the Brickyard and Art in the Alley! event will run from 4 PM to 10:30 PM. Tickets can be purchased online by visiting Neos Dance Theatre’s homepage or at the gate. Advanced purchases are encouraged for the VIP area, limited tickets will be available at the gate.



News Release - M.A.D.E. in Ashland Neos Dance Theatre - March 1, 2018 

Contact for media: Bobby Wesner, Neos co-founder and artistic director: 

Hi-res photos are available for download at or upon request 

Sylvia photo

Neos announces new programming in Ashland County

Taylor Family Foundation and Ashland County Community Foundation offer significant support to kick-off new educational and performance opportunities.


Neos Dance Theatre highlights Grammy Award winner Sylvia McNair in an upcoming performance at Archer Auditorium in Ashland, Ohio.  M.A.D.E. in Ashland will premiere on March 17th at 8PM as the culmination of multiple educational and outreach programs throughout Ashland.  Major funding is provided by the Taylor Family Foundation, supplemented by the Ashland County Community Foundation and additional grants by organizations and individuals.


The public performance and residency activity under the banner of M.A.D.E in Ashland, (Music, Art, Dance, Education) will feature the artists of Neos Dance Theatre alongside area professional visual artists Marty Bossler Lee, Betty Perry and Susan Shafer.  Also featured will be the Ashland High School Acapella choir, under the direction of Kimberly Wolbert, pianist Susan Gregg and special guests Sylvia McNair and pianist Kevin Cole.   The collaborative performance will include new technology known as projection mapping that will showcase historical images of Ashland County provided by the Ashland County Historical Society.

Neos, composed of 14 dancers including Ashland natives and co-founders Bobby and Brooke Wesner, will perform additional work from their repertoire including audience favorite Romanian Rhapsody by Wesner, Good Night, Day, a contemporary work en pointe’ choreographed by Joseph Morrissey, and a duet featuring the Wesners titled necessary.negatives to music by Bach.

Jan Archer, committee chair of the event, shares her excitement, “With so much outstanding talent in our community and our tradition of valuing the arts, this is a project long overdue.  With Bobby and Brooke getting their start with Opus Dance and Ashland Regional Ballet here, we wanted to showcase them, along with our other musicians and artists, in order to inspire and entertain both young and old.”  Archer played a key role in securing relations with event sponsors Ashland University and Ashland City Schools, each a partner facilitating educational programs led by artists of Neos during the week leading up to the public performance.  She adds, “I have thoroughly enjoyed this project and greatly appreciate the numerous artists, educators, volunteers, and donors who have helped bring this event into being.  I look forward to its success and many more to come.”       

Tickets range from $10 to $18.  A link to Ashland University’s online box office can be found at , in person during box office hours or by calling (419) 289-5125.



November 24, 2017

CONTACT:  Robert Wesner, Artistic and Executive Director

CALL: 419-651-4938 





Blending classical ballet with contemporary dance and an innovative spin on a holiday classic, A 1940s Nutcracker presented by Neos Dance Theatre will perform at the Stocker Arts Center on December 15th and 16th at 7:30 PM and December 17th at 2 PM with two student matinee performances for schools on December 15th at 9:45 and 11:45AM


Set in 1940's Northern OH, the innovative retelling of the classic Nutcracker story uses projection mapping technology to allow the dancers to be immersed in scenes that would have taken place in World War II-era, featuring locations such as the Women’s Club, The Steel Yard, the Light House, the Palace Theatre, and more, while still maintaining the integrity of the original plot line and Tchaikovsky's score.


After receiving national attention from The Atlantic for using cutting edge technology in A 1940's Nutcracker Neos Artistic Director Bobby Wesner commented, “This is much larger than just The Nutcracker. This is about Lorain County, and our entire region. We've seen the value these annual productions bring to communities both culturally and economically and I feel wholeheartedly that our region is deserving of its own unique retelling of this story.”


In addition to the Neos company, guest student dancers from the new Neos Center for Dance in Oberlin and surrounding area dance schools will perform in the production. Other adult members of nearby communities will also join the cast. Featured dancers from Cleveland, Lorain, Ashland, Vermilion, Wellington, Oberlin, Akron, Elyria, and more are listed below. 


Tickets are on sale now starting at $10 at the Stocker Arts Center Box Office, via phone at (440)366-4040, and online at . Military seats for both the Orchestra and Mezzanine are $10.00 each, 2-tickets per one Military ID. Orchestra: $35/Adults; $30/Seniors and children 12 and under; Mezzanine: $28.00/Adults; $24.oo Seniors and children 12 and under; $23.00/LCCC Students. The back two rows of the Mezzanine for the Friday and Saturday evenings performances are only $15.00/each, first-come, first-served, non-transferable. 


Joining Neos Dance Theatre's professional dancers are:  

Sisters: Madelyn Drost & Lyla Yoho; 
Sisters Friend: Emma Kucbel;
Party Guest: Regina Wolf, Isabella Soto, Abby Wells;
Grandpa: Brett Drummond;
Gus: Ella Wojciechowski;
Mice: Lyla Yoho, Arowyn Wesner, Isabella Kobylarz, Madelyn Drost, Amelia Overstreet, Ophelia Calhoun, Emma Kucbel;
Soldiers: Zenobia Calhoun, Isabella Soto, Abby Wells, Skyla Bautista, Sage Crawford, Isabella Barb, Brooke Justice;
Andrew Sisters: Amaris Madding, Regina Wolf, Alicia Matheson;
Angels: Lyla Yoho, Emma Kucbel, Arowyn Wesner, Isabella Kobylarz, Maddie Drohst, Amelia Overstreet, Ophelia Calhoun;
Angels: Alicia Mathenson, Skyla Bautista, Brooke Justice;
Shirley Temple Dolls: Olivia Kucbel, Mattie Thibodeau, Sophia Soto, Lydia Huff, Flynn Yoho;
Rosie the Riveters: Celia Romanoski, Brittany Drost, Ian Smith; 
The Band: Zenobia Calhoun, Ella Wojciechowski, Isabella Soto, Abby Wells, Sage Crawford, Isabella Barb, Brooke Justice 

'A 1940's Nutcracker' is made possible with funding provided by the Nord Family Foundation, the Robert and Esther Black Family Foundation Fund of the Richland County Foundation, The Fred B. and Marian J. Hout Fund of the Richland County Foundation, and the Hire Family Foundation. Neos Dance Theatre's 2017-18 season sponsors are Richland Source and The Butterfly House. 



Robert Wesner 

Artistic and Executive Director, Co-Founder, Neos Dance Theatre



Creole Cinderella revival coming to Akron's Civic Theatre

News Release — Neos Dance Theatre — Oct. 9, 2017

Contact for media:

Bobby Wesner, Neos co-founder and artistic director: or 330-595-4650

Hi-res photos are available for download at

Link for photo download

Creole Cinderella by Neos bringing Dixieland dance Oct. 19 to Akron Civic 


Akron, OH — With a Dixieland band providing the lively music and pre-WW I New Orleans providing the vintage setting, Neos Dance Theatre is bringing its original Creole Cinderella to the Akron Civic Theatre for a single public performance on Thursday, Oct. 19, at 7 p.m.


Neos’ unique retelling of the classic tale combines the fun and frivolity of Mardi Gras with fabulous period costumes and tunes such as “Alexander’s Ragtime Band” and “When the Saints Go Marching In.”


Tickets are $15 for general seating and $24 for reserved seating. They are available at the door that evening and in advance from the Civic box office by phone at 330-253-2488 and at the walk-up window Mondays through Fridays from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Tickets are also available at and at Ticketmaster outlets in Macy’s and select Giant Eagle stores. 


“Outrageous, silly and often touching, Creole Cinderella is meant to delight the entire family,” says Bobby Wesner, artistic director and co-founder of Neos. 


As the parents of four daughters ages 9 to 16, Wesner and his wife, Neos co-founder and dancer Brooke Wesner, believe that Creole Cinderella appeals to multi-age audiences.


“All of our children love the sights and sounds of this production,” says Brooke.


Children’s Concert Society (CCS) thinks that other children will, too. During the two days before the public performance of Creole Cinderella, CCS is presenting four performances for more than 2,500 youngsters from schools throughout Summit County and beyond, as well as for students who are home-schooled. For more information about the CCS performances, contact Pat Lehnhart at

330-972-2504 or


Choreographed by the Neos Dance Theatre’s resident choreographer Mary Elizabeth Fenn, Creole Cinderella was originally created while Neos was under the umbrella of the Renaissance Theatre in Mansfield, Ohio, in collaboration with Emmy award-winning writer Michael Thomas and The Ribticklers, a Richland County Dixieland band. The Akron performances will feature a band led by Cleveland musician Dave Kasper.



News Release — Neos Dance Theatre — Aug. 14, 2017


Contact for media:

Bobby Wesner, Neos co-founder and artistic director: or 330-595-4650

Hi-res photos are available for download at


Neos hosting open house, names director for new dance center in Oberlin

Oberlin, OH — The Neos Center for Dance, a new pre-professional and community school at the Oberlin Center for the Arts in downtown Oberlin, is hosting an open house August 22 from 12 noon to 6 p.m.
Free and open to the public, the open house will feature tours of the new center, master classes, give-aways, refreshments, and opportunities to meet Neos co-founders Bobby and Brooke Wesner and DeMarcus Akeem Suggs, Neos’ new Director of Education and Outreach. Check online at on the 'Neos in Oberlin' page for schedule of events 
Previously holding similar leadership position with the Victoria Theatre Association and Victory Project in Dayton, as well dancing professionally with the Dayton Ballet, Dayton Contemporary Dance Company and others, Suggs will oversee daily operations of the Neos Center for Dance.
Suggs will also help to enhance Neos’ educational outreach programs for schools and civic organizations throughout northern Ohio, especially in the communities of Akron, Cleveland, Findlay, Mansfield, and Oberlin where the company frequently performs, teaches and collaborates.
Classes begin September 5 at the Neos Center for Dance, 39 S. Main St., Oberlin. Outreach programs will begin soon after in the Lorain City Schools. Support comes from The Nord Family Foundation.
Open house visitors will receive registration discounts for the center’s classes. For more information, visit or call 330-595-4650.

News Release — Neos Dance Theatre — July 6th, 2017


Contact for media:

Bobby Wesner, Neos co-founder and artistic director: or 330-595-4650


Neos Dance bringing evening of elegance in unique setting to downtown Mansfield 

Mansfield, OH — Ballet @ the Brickyard is returning to Mansfield's historic Carrousel district on Aug. 5. The red-brick area will be the backdrop for some of Mansfield’s best gourmet foods, wine, cognac, cigars, artwork, vocalists, and performances by the Richland Academy and Neos Dance Theatre. 


Two ticket options are available online. General seating tickets for $25 provide access to all artists and artwork on display throughout the Brickyard, pre-show entertainment featuring dancers from the Richland Academy with choreography by Marden Ramos, and the evening-ending performance by Neos Dance Theatre. VIP tickets for $65 also offer access to the VIP lounge featuring catered foods from Altered Eats, wine from Cyprus Winery, beer from Phoenix Brewery, cognac and cigars from City News. General seating tickets for seniors and students will be available at the door for reduced rates.

The gates open at 6PM, the the VIP lounge opens at 6PM, the pre-show begins at 7:45, and Neos Dance Theatre takes the stage at approximately 8:30 p.m.

Jamie Thompson of Downtown Mansfield Inc. shares that "Downtown Mansfield, Inc. is proud to consider Ballet at The Brickyard one of only six signature events held at our facility annually. As one of our first in partners, Bobby and Neos Dance Theatre have been integral to the evolution of the Richland Source Amphitheater and DMI’s public space, The Brickyard."


Tickets and details about Ballet @ the Brickyard are at 


Lose Your Marbles

Akron, OH — “Lose Your Marbles,” a new dance-centric fringe festival, is coming to downtown Akron June 9-10.
Presented by Neos Dance Theatre with funding from the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation as part of its Knight Arts Challenge, the fringe festival takes its name from Akron’s legacy as the birthplace of toy marble-making automation.
“With Akron’s reputation for dance, and audiences hungry for it, the city is a perfect platform for a festival that showcases new and emerging artists,” said Victoria Rogers, vice president for arts at Knight Foundation.
“Lose Your Marbles” will begin June 9 with a kick-off event at the newly repurposed Trailhead Event Space at Cascade Lofts on the banks of the Ohio and Erie Canal. On June 10 it will move to Akron's historic Trolley Barn, gifted by the Development Finance Authority of Summit County, with a temporary large stage, lighting and theatrical equipment.
Smaller spaces without stages — including an ice cream parlor, coffee shop, gallery, and storefront window space provided in collaboration with the Curated Storefront — will feature pop-up performances to round out the festival’s walk-able footprint. The pop-up performances will be free, while the main stage performances on Friday and Saturday will have small fees.
Lucky Plush Productions of Chicago, Inlet Dance Theatre, and Neos are already slated to perform. Additional dance and visual artists — emerging and established — will be chosen by a festival panel. 
Plans are also underway to present larger “Lose Your Marbles” festivals in 2018 and 2019. Bobby Wesner, co-founder and artistic director of Neos, says that “Lose Your Marbles” is taking its cues from other fringe festivals, such as the world’s largest and oldest in Edinburgh, Scotland, by giving artists the freedom to present diverse, original and often risky works. “Akron's fringe festival will be a fun and informative opportunity for our community to binge-watch the performing arts and then share their opinions about what they've seen.” Audience members will be able to vote for the best-of-show performance that will then receive a final showcase on the evening of June 10 and a cash award.
Details about “Lose Your Marbles” is available at

revolution release 3/21/17 :  download docx or copy and paste

Contact for media:

Bobby Wesner, Neos co-founder and artistic director: or 330-595-4650


Graffiti, hip-hop, classical dance combine in Neos dance.r.evolution 

April event launches two-year, Knight Arts Challenge-winning program


Akron, OH — Graffiti artists, hip-hop dancers, urban musicians and classical dancers will criss-cross in dance.r.evolution, a multi-media premiere by Neos Dance Theatre at 7:30 p.m.  Saturday, April 22 in the newly renovated Goodyear Theater, 1201 Market St., Akron.


The April 22 performance launches Neos’ two-year education and outreach dance.r.evolution program supported, in part, by the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation through its Knight Arts Challenge. 


“We’re creating dance.r.evolution to explore relationships across classical and urban arts in ways that inspire and engage local youth,” explains Neos co-founder and artistic director Bobby Wesner. “Our audiences often appreciate the diverse range of programming we bring to the community. This project allows us to bring a diverse range of community into our programming and I'm thrilled about the impact it's had on our creative process and product."


Resident choreographer Mary-Elizabeth Fenn is placing Neos dancers into an on-stage urban environment created by DJ MisterBradleyP from Cleveland, hip-hop dancers from Oberlin College and The University of Akron, YouTube sensation and hip hop dancer Ryan Rosinski, Courtney Cable from Curated Storefront and the Akron Art Museum, Chris Miller from, artists Kirsten Williams and Steve Ehret, Murals by Akron’s Art Bomb Brigade, and young dancers from ArtSparks.


Also on the program is the premiere of Tarry the Night by guest choreographer Holly Handman-Lopez. Created during Neos’ residency this spring (2017) at Oberlin College.


Penny Saunders’ Flight, a Neos audience favorite, will round out the program. Saunders is known for her work with Hubbard, MOMIX, Cedar Lake, Neos, and other classical and contemporary dance companies around the country.



Seating will only be in the balcony because of the unique nature of the performance. Tickets are available at for $20 for general admission and $35 for VIP front-row seating. Tickets may also be purchased at the door that evening for $10 for students and seniors with ID and at all price levels as long as seats are still available. The doors open at 6:45 p.m. 


Photo links for download
Holly Solo
Holly Handman
Mary Elizabeth 1
Mary Elizabeth Fenn
Penny Saunders

News Release: Neos Dance Theatre, Boots and Ballet, 2016, download docx or copy and paste

News Release


Media contact: Robert Wesner




Boots and Ballet coming to historic barn May 7


April 15, 2016 —Think barns are meant only for horses and hay? Neos Dance Theatre and Raemelton Therapeutic Equestrian Center (RTEC) think barns are also perfect for ballet.


The two non-profit organizations are hosting their second Boots and Ballet, A Kentucky Derby Night at the Races in conjunction with the Kentucky Derby on Saturday, May 7.

The fundraiser will begin at 4 p.m. in the historic riding arena of RTEC, 569 South Trimble Road, Mansfield, with live streaming of the Derby and pre-Derby races projected onto a large screen. Guests can bid on the races and silent auction items throughout the evening and Neos Dance Theatre will perform from 6:15 to 8 p.m.

Bluegrass band Good Luck Eloise will play at 5:15 p.m., local high school barbershop quartet The Twilights will play during the early part of the event, and the Jimmy Warner Band will play for dancing from 8 to 11 p.m. 

Premium tickets are $50, which includes access to all performances and activities, including stable tours at 5, 6 and 7 p.m. Premium ticket holders will also have full access to the VIP Lounge with fare catered by Doc’s Deli starting at 5:30 p.m. and two drink tickets for specialty Mint Juleps, Phoenix Brewery beer, Cyprus Hill wine, and assorted American and imported beers and sodas.

General admission tickets are $25, which includes access to all performances and activities. Tickets for students and seniors are $15 with ID. (No student or senior pricing for VIP)

For non-Premium ticket holders, Charcoal Mafia BBQ will offer menu items for purchase starting at 5:30 p.m. and a cash bar will be open throughout the event.

Tickets for Boots and Ballet are available by:

Visiting our website:

Visiting our online ticketing service Eventbrite:

Calling (330) 595-4650 for reservations

Purchase at the Door!

Jay Allred, master of ceremonies for Boots and Ballet and publisher of Richland Source, encourages guests to wear hats and bow ties. The “Best Hat” and “Best Tie” winners will be invited to spin on the dance floor with Neos dancers while the Jimmy Warner Band plays. Richland Source is a media sponsor for Neos Dance Theatre’s performance season in Mansfield and surrounding areas.